If you’re wondering what transponder keys are, they’re keys that make use of RF or radio frequency technology for opening and locking devices. While transponder keys can be applied to many different industries, they’re mostly used in the automotive industry.
With transponder keys, a “transponder” apparatus transmits an electronic signal to another RF apparatus. In cars, transponders are employed as anti-theft apparatus. It is integrated to the head of a car key.
When you press a key, a coded signal is sent to your car’s ECU or engine control unit, which is the computer device responsible for making the engine start and run. The ECU waits for this coded signal to be transmitted before startup.
Transponder keys have replaced traditional keys in terms of widespread use. This is mainly because they provide a higher level of security. Transponders improve your vehicle’s security in two ways: First, they help prevent theft by making it far harder to start your automobile’s engine by unauthorized means, such as breaking the ignition lock outside or “hot-wiring” it.
Despite what you may see in Hollywood movies, hot-wiring is not any longer a practical or feasible approach to stealing autos because most modern cars need a custom-built computer to run. Really, these days, only someone knowledgeable on automotive engine management systems are able to steal cars, but even then you are not going to find an easy method to avoid transponder anti-theft systems, by force or otherwise.
Another way that transponder keys increase security is through restriction. Your transponder key is unique to your car. Thus, no other key can inadvertently or deliberately be utilized to start your vehicle, unless if it were an electronic duplicate of your current transponder, but this is hard to do. Each transponder key has a unique electronic signature. You can make many, many duplicates with an ordinary key; however, the chances of two transponder keys having the same electronic signature are slim. The best thing to do is to contact your local expert car locksmith when it comes to transponder keys.
Ford, for instance, has less than 2,000 different manual key combinations in use since 1996 in their vehicles. Without RF, the chances that someone else’s key would start your own Ford vehicle are rather high, 1 in 1706. Sure, the mechanical keys could be made more complex, but it raises the chance for lock failure, or the key hard to replicate or easily damaged, or else makes it too large to carry.
This does not mean a vehicle with a transponder system is not possible to snitch—no lock in the world is impenetrable—what it does mean is that a vehicle with a transponder system is considerably more difficult to steal than one without. Insurance providers know this and provide discounts to cars with this type of anti-theft systems.
How successful are at preventing vehicle theft? The National Insurance Crime Bureau (NICB), among the top most stolen cars in America in 2005, only one car had an optional transponder system.
Transponder keys are more expensive than traditional keys. They typically cost $25 to almost $300.